土地资源与土木工程建设的关系

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2019-12-04
简介
工程地质研究的主要内容有:确定岩土组分、组织结构(微观结构)、物理、化学与力学性质(特别是强度及应变)及其对建筑工程稳定性的影响, 进行岩土工程地质分类, 提出改良岩土的建筑性能的方法;研究由于人类工程活动的影响而破坏的自然环境的平衡,以及自然发生的崩塌、 滑坡、泥石流及地震等物理地质作用对工程建筑的危害及其预测、 评价和防治措施; 研究解决各类工程建筑中的地基稳定性,如边坡、路基、坝基、桥墩、硐室,以及黄土的湿陷、岩石的裂隙的破坏等,制定一套科学的勘察程序、方法和手段,直接为各类工程的设计、 施工提供地质依据; 研究建筑场区地下水运动规律及其对工程建筑的影响,制定必要的利用和防护方案。

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土地资源对土木工程建设的影响——-——地质方面的影响班级:12土地资源管理姓名:纪爱平up,andmemberscadresshoevocationalduediligencecombinedup,ensuresuccessfullycompletedearlydetermineofthetargettask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedlevelsleadershipgeneraltask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedpovertystormingannualtargettask,ensuresocialoverallharmonystable.Three,compactingthemainresponsibilitiesandstrengthenthe"two"leadershipofeducationalorganizationsdoagoodjob"two"educationwithoutastrongorganizationandleadership.Partyconstructionofpartyorganizationsatalllevelsshouldfirmlyestablishthemainconsciousness,graspingpartybuildingasthefirstresponsibility,strengthenleadership,demonstrable,scientifictoensuresolideducationeffectively.First,thelayersofresponsibility.Partycommittees(leadingpartygroup)tostudyeducationasamajorpoliticaltask,primaryresponsibilityforeffectiveimplementation,strengthenleadership,carefullyguidingtheSteering,doagoodjoboverall,studyandsolveproblemsinatimelymanner.Progressevaluationbythegrass-rootspartybuildingthisyear,tostudyeducationastheprimaryevaluationorganizations,poororganization,theproblemsaremany,tocriticize,toaccountability.Mainisresponsibleforcomradetoconsciouslybearupfirstresponsibilitypeopleduties,notonlytotubegoodcadres,andwithgoodteam,alsototubegoodmembers,andwithgoodteam,bothfirstexamples,leadparticipateinlearningeducation,andbyQiancommand,inputenoughoftimeandenergy,strengthenedGuideandchecksrole,onworkprogrammepersonallyvalidation,onimportanttaskpersonallydeployment,onexistsproblemtimelysolution,throughoutputresponsibilitycarryinshoulderShang,improper"shuaishouzhanggui".TheCountypartyCommitteeandmunicipalpartyCommitteemunicipalworkers,Variousenterprisesandinstitutions,Commission,partycommitteesanddepartmentsinchargeofindustrypractice,developspecificimplementationplan,organizingspecialforcesresponsibleforeducationalworktostrengthenthisunittothesystemstudyandeducationintheregionspecificguidance.Organizationdepartments,astheleaddepartment,tostrengthentheplanning,organization,coordinationandguidance,gooddesign,decomposition,eachkeyactiontoimplement.Carryoutstudyandeducation,torelyonstrictdocrealguide,pressureconveyinglayeruponlayer,stepbystep,compactionofresponsibility.InsteeringtheSteeringmustpreventformalism,catchthewaythethinkingofpreventionactivities,studyandeducation,preventingroutineaside,preventsimple,doingasmuchasmeetingnotestojudgetheeducationalresults.Totakereports,customizedresearch,attendingthemeeting,randomspotchecks,briefingsandothermeans,tofocusthepushGuidetograssroots,onthepartybranch,in-depthunderstandingofeducationandactualeffect,sumupfreshexperiencetopromotegrassroots,todetectandcorrectthesignsofproblems.Publicinformationepartmentsshouldpayspecialattentiontopublicopinion,in-depthinformationrelatingtoprovincial,municipalandCentraldecisionsandarrangementstopromoteeducationaleffectivenessandprogressofthetypicalexperience,andcreateagoodsocialatmosphere.Second,perseveringinaboverates.Leadingbodiesatalllevels,leadership,leadingcadresshouldtakethelead,asagoodexample,andaskingotherstodoyoufirstdoit,asksofothersandnotthemselvesdeterminednottodo,forexampleofsuperiortosubordinate,teamleaderforteammembersforexample,leveltolevel,levelwithlevels,layersofdrivenmodel,layeruponlayer,formationoftheshots,theoverallgeneraleffectoflinkage.Needstressedofis,regardlessofwhatranks,andwhatpostofmembersleaders,aretotoGeneralmembersidentityputhimselfpendulumin,seriouslyimplementationCentralandprovincial,andmunicipalonlearningeducationoftherequirements,strictlyimplementationdoubleorganised,basicsystem,leadlearningdiscussion,leadonexperience,andtoldpartylecture,andforreport,leadparticipateinorganisedwill,anddemocraticcomments,leadshoevocationalduediligence,andbasedpostforcontribution,do"fourtoldfourhas"ofqualifiedCommunist,strivetomakeslearningresearchmorein-depth,andcheckpendulumproblemmoredeep,Toreorganizetheimplementationofmoreradical,avant-gardemorerespectableimage,thuslearningeducationeffective.Third,strengthentheguidance.Theeducationforallmembers,largepersonnelbase,widefield,hierarchy,difference,andtodifferentiatebetweencounties,departmnts,grass-rootsunits,allkindsofpartyorganizationandpartymemberbetweentheactualcharacteristicsofhierarchicalclassificationpositionsputforwardmeasurestoprevent"floodirrigation."Tohaveoperable.Eachpartyshoulddevelopspecificprogrammesandspecificmeasures,educationprinciplesandlearningrequirementsintooperational,abletoputinplaceways.Tograspfromthespecificwork,hard,catchingfinepractice,withconcreteresultstoverifytheeducationalresults.Shouldbetargeted.Differentpartymember'sideologicaltrendsandbehaviors,differentialtreatmentineducation,precisionapplicationpolicy,"keystartslocks",downtolearnanddothemeasureseachpartymember,enablingthemtoaccesstoeducation,improve,makepeoplefeelMembersofthenewchanges.oreflectthedifference.Nouniform,thousandsofpeople,andgiveexpressiondifferences,characteristics.Indeterminingthelearningwhenthetopicwasdiscussed,accordingtodifferentcharacteristicsandexistingproblemsofpartymembers,bothcloselylinkedtothetheme,andreality,letpartymemberslearn,ontheup.DoqualifiedCommunistofstandardalsocannotuniform,Countyabovemembersleadersstandardtomorehighmorestrict,toinsistedloyaltycleanplay,doJiaoYulutypeofgoodcadres;onCountyfollowingthefieldtheindustryofmembersto工程地质;工程地质研究的主要内容有:确定岩土组分、组织结构(微观结构)、物理、化学与力学性质(特别是强度及应变)及其对建筑工程稳定性的影响,进行岩土工程地质分类,提出改良岩土的建筑性能的方法;研究由于人类工程活动的影响而破坏的自然环境的平衡,以及自然发生的崩塌、滑坡、泥石流及地震等物理地质作用对工程建筑的危害及其预测、评价和防治措施;研究解决各类工程建筑中的地基稳定性,如边坡、路基、坝基、桥墩、硐室,以及黄土的湿陷、岩石的裂隙的破坏等,制定一套科学的勘察程序、方法和手段,直接为各类工程的设计、施工提供地质依据;研究建筑场区地下水运动规律及其对工程建筑的影响,制定必要的利用和防护方案;工程地质在土木工程中的作用(一)对一些基本概念的认识建筑场地---指工程建设所直接占有并直接使用的有限面积的土地,大体上相当于厂区,居民点和自然村的区域范围的建筑物所在地。从工程勘察角度分析,场地的概念不仅代表着所划定的土地范围,还应涉及建筑物所处的工程地质环境与岩土体的稳定问题。建筑物地基----任何建筑物都建造在土层或岩石上.由于承受由up,andmemberscadresshoevocationalduediligencecombinedup,ensuresuccessfullycompletedearlydetermineofthetargettask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedlevelsleadershipgeneraltask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedpovertystormingannualtargettask,ensuresocialoverallharmonystable.Three,compactingthemainresponsibilitiesandstrengthenthe"two"leadershipofeducationalorganizationsdoagoodjob"two"educationwithoutastrongorganizationandleadership.Partyconstructionofpartyorganizationsatalllevelsshouldfirmlyestablishthemainconsciousness,graspingpartybuildingasthefirstresponsibility,strengthenleadership,demonstrable,scientifictoensuresolideducationeffectively.First,thelayersofresponsibility.Partycommittees(leadingpartygroup)tostudyeducationasamajorpoliticaltask,primaryresponsibilityforeffectiveimplementation,strengthenleadership,carefullyguidingtheSteering,doagoodjoboverall,studyandsolveproblemsinatimelymanner.Progressevaluationbythegrass-rootspartybuildingthisyear,tostudyeducationastheprimaryevaluationorganizations,poororganization,theproblemsaremany,tocriticize,toaccountability.Mainisresponsibleforcomradetoconsciouslybearupfirstresponsibilitypeopleduties,notonlytotubegoodcadres,andwithgoodteam,alsototubegoodmembers,andwithgoodteam,bothfirstexamples,leadparticipateinlearningeducation,andbyQiancommand,inputenoughoftimeandenergy,strengthenedGuideandchecksrole,onworkprogrammepersonallyvalidation,onimportanttaskpersonallydeployment,onexistsproblemtimelysolution,throughoutputresponsibilitycarryinshoulderShang,improper"shuaishouzhanggui".TheCountypartyCommitteeandmunicipalpartyCommitteemunicipalworkers,Variousenterprisesandinstitutions,Commission,partycommitteesanddepartmentsinchargeofindustrypractice,developspecificimplementationplan,organizingspecialforcesresponsibleforeducationalworktostrengthenthisunittothesystemstudyandeducationintheregionspecificguidance.Organizationdepartments,astheleaddepartment,tostrengthentheplanning,organization,coordinationandguidance,gooddesign,decomposition,eachkeyactiontoimplement.Carryoutstudyandeducation,torelyonstrictdocrealguide,pressureconveyinglayeruponlayer,stepbystep,compactionofresponsibility.InsteeringtheSteeringmustpreventformalism,catchthewaythethinkingofpreventionactivities,studyandeducation,preventingroutineaside,preventsimple,doingasmuchasmeetingnotestojudgetheeducationalresults.Totakereports,customizedresearch,attendingthemeeting,randomspotchecks,briefingsandothermeans,tofocusthepushGuidetograssroots,onthepartybranch,in-depthunderstandingofeducationandactualeffect,sumupfreshexperiencetopromotegrassroots,todetectandcorrectthesignsofproblems.Publicinformationepartmentsshouldpayspecialattentiontopublicopinion,in-depthinformationrelatingtoprovincial,municipalandCentraldecisionsandarrangementstopromoteeducationaleffectivenessandprogressofthetypicalexperience,andcreateagoodsocialatmosphere.Second,perseveringinaboverates.Leadingbodiesatalllevels,leadership,leadingcadresshouldtakethelead,asagoodexample,andaskingotherstodoyoufirstdoit,asksofothersandnotthemselvesdeterminednottodo,forexampleofsuperiortosubordinate,teamleaderforteammembersforexample,leveltolevel,levelwithlevels,layersofdrivenmodel,layeruponlayer,formationoftheshots,theoverallgeneraleffectoflinkage.Needstressedofis,regardlessofwhatranks,andwhatpostofmembersleaders,aretotoGeneralmembersidentityputhimselfpendulumin,seriouslyimplementationCentralandprovincial,andmunicipalonlearningeducationoftherequirements,strictlyimplementationdoubleorganised,basicsystem,leadlearningdiscussion,leadonexperience,andtoldpartylecture,andforreport,leadparticipateinorganisedwill,anddemocraticcomments,leadshoevocationalduediligence,andbasedpostforcontribution,do"fourtoldfourhas"ofqualifiedCommunist,strivetomakeslearningresearchmorein-depth,andcheckpendulumproblemmoredeep,Toreorganizetheimplementationofmoreradical,avant-gardemorerespectableimage,thuslearningeducationeffective.Third,strengthentheguidance.Theeducationforallmembers,largepersonnelbase,widefield,hierarchy,difference,andtodifferentiatebetweencounties,departments,grass-rootsunits,allkindsofpartyorganizationandpartymemberbetweentheactualcharacteristicsofhierarchicalclassificationpositionsputforwardmeasurestoprevent"floodirrigation."Tohaveoperable.Eachpartyshoulddevelopspecificprogrammesandspecificmeasures,educationprinciplesandlearningrequirementsintooperational,abletoputinplaceways.Tograspfromthespecificwork,hard,catchingfinepractice,withconcreteresultstoverifytheeducationalresults.Shouldbetargeted.Differentpartymember'sideologicaltrendsandbehaviors,differentialtreatmentneducation,precisionapplicationpolicy,"keystartslocks",downtolearnanddothemeasureseachpartymember,enablingthemtoaccesstoeducation,improve,makepeoplefeelMembersofthenewchanges.oreflectthedifference.Nouniform,thousandsofpeople,andgiveexpressiondifferences,characteristics.Indeterminingthelearningwhenthetopicwasdiscussed,accordingtodifferentcharacteristicsandexistingproblemsofpartymembers,bothcloselylinkedtothetheme,andreality,letpartymemberslearn,ontheup.DoqualifiedCommunistofstandardalsocannotuniform,Countyabovemembersleadersstandardtomorehighmorestrict,toinsistedloyaltycleanplay,doJiaoYulutypeofgoodcadres;onCountyfollowingthefieldtheindustryofmembersto基础传来的建筑物荷载而是土层或岩层一定范围内原有应力状态发生改变的土层或岩层称为地基。地基在静动荷载作用下要发生变形,变形过大会影响建筑物的安全,致使建筑物不能正常使用.因此,地基与工程建筑物的关系更为直接,更为具体。地基分类地基类别天然地基软弱地基人工地基定义未经加工处理直接支撑基础的地基地基土层主要有淤泥,沙土,杂填土或其他高压缩性土层所构成人工加固处理的地基特点一般不太稳定土层压缩模量小荷载作用下产生的变形大较稳定说明:要确保建筑物地基稳定和满足建筑物的使用要求,地基与基础设计必须满足两个基本条件:A、作用于地基的荷载不超过地基的承载能力;B、保证建筑物不因地基形变而损坏或影响其正常使用。任何工程建筑物都是营造在一定的场地与地基上的,所有工程建设方式,规模和类型都受建筑场地的工程地质条件所制约.地基的好坏不仅直接影响建筑物的经济与安危,而且一旦出现事故,处理比较up,andmemberscadresshoevocationalduediligencecombinedup,ensuresuccessfullycompletedearlydetermineofthetargettask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedlevelsleadershipgeneraltask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedpovertystormingannualtargettask,ensuresocialoverallharmonystable.Three,compactingthemainresponsibilitiesandstrengthenthe"two"leadershipofeducationalorganizationsdoagoodjob"two"educationwithoutastrongorganizationandleadership.Partyconstructionofpartyorganizationsatalllevelsshouldfirmlyestablishthemainconsciousness,graspingpartybuildingasthefirstresponsibility,strengthenleadership,demonstrable,scientifictoensuresolideducationeffectively.First,thelayersofresponsibility.Partycommittees(leadingpartygroup)tostudyeducationasamajorpoliticaltask,primaryresponsibilityforeffectiveimplementation,strengthenleadership,carefullyguidingtheSteering,doagoodjoboverall,studyandsolveproblemsinatimelymanner.Progressevaluationbythegrass-rootspartybuildingthisyear,tostudyeducationastheprimaryevaluationorganizations,poororganization,theproblemsaremany,tocriticize,toaccountability.Mainisresponsibleforcomradetoconsciouslybearupfirstresponsibilitypeopleduties,notonlytotubegoodcadres,andwithgoodteam,alsototubegoodmembers,andwithgoodteam,bothfirstexamples,leadparticipateinlearningeducation,andbyQiancommand,inputenoughoftimeandenergy,strengthenedGuideandchecksrole,onworkprogrammepersonallyvalidation,onimportanttaskpersonallydeployment,onexistsproblemtimelysolution,throughoutputresponsibilitycarryinshoulderShang,improper"shuaishouzhanggui".TheCountypartyCommitteeandmunicipalpartyCommitteemunicipalworkers,Variousenterprisesandinstitutions,Commission,partycommitteesanddepartmentsinchargeofindustrypractice,developspecificimplementationplan,organizingspecialforcesresponsibleforeducationalworktostrengthenthisunittothesystemstudyandeducationintheregionspecificguidance.Organizationdepartments,astheleaddepartment,tostrengthentheplanning,organization,coordinationandguidance,gooddesign,decomposition,eachkeyactiontoimplement.Carryoutstudyandeducation,torelyonstrictdocrealguide,pressureconveyinglayeruponlayer,stepbystep,compactionofresponsibility.InsteeringtheSteeringmustpreventformalism,catchthewaythethinkingofpreventionactivities,studyandeducation,preventingroutineaside,preventsimple,doingasmuchasmeetingnotestojudgetheeducationalresults.Totakereports,customizedresearch,attendingthemeeting,randomspotchecks,briefingsandothermeans,tofocusthepushGuidetograssroots,onthepartybranch,in-depthunderstandingofeducationandactualeffect,sumupfreshexperiencetopromotegrassroots,todetectandcorrectthesignsofproblems.Publicinformationepartmentsshouldpayspecialattentiontopublicopinion,in-depthinformationrelatingtoprovincial,municipalandCentraldecisionsandarrangementstopromoteeducationaleffectivenessandprogressofthetypicalexperience,andcreateagoodsocialatmosphere.Second,perseveringinaboverates.Leadingbodiesatalllevels,leadership,leadingcadresshouldtakethelead,asagoodexample,andaskingotherstodoyoufirstdoit,asksofothersandnotthemselvesdeterminednottodo,forexampleofsuperiortosubordinate,teamleaderforteammembersforexample,leveltolevel,levelwithlevels,layersofdrivenmodel,layeruponlayer,formationoftheshots,theoverallgeneraleffectoflinkage.Needstressedofis,regardlessofwhatranks,andwhatpostofmembersleaders,aretotoGeneralmembersidentityputhimselfpendulumin,seriouslyimplementationCentralandprovincial,andmunicipalonlearningeducationoftherequirements,strictlyimplementationdoubleorganised,basicsystem,leadlearningdiscussion,leadonexperience,andtoldpartylecture,andforreport,leadparticipateinorganisedwill,anddemocraticcomments,leadshoevocationalduediligence,andbasedpostforcontribution,do"fourtoldfourhas"ofqualifiedCommunist,strivetomakeslearningresearchmorein-depth,andcheckpendulumproblemmoredeep,Toreorganizetheimplementationofmoreradical,avant-gardemorerespectableimage,thuslearningeducationeffective.Third,strengthentheguidance.Theeducationforallmembers,largepersonnelbase,widefield,hierarchy,difference,andtodifferentiatebetweencounties,departmnts,grass-rootsunits,allkindsofpartyorganizationandpartymemberbetweentheactualcharacteristicsofhierarchicalclassificationpositionsputforwardmeasurestoprevent"floodirrigation."Tohaveoperable.Eachpartyshoulddevelopspecificprogrammesandspecificmeasures,educationprinciplesandlearningrequirementsintooperational,abletoputinplaceways.Tograspfromthespecificwork,hard,catchingfinepractice,withconcreteresultstoverifytheeducationalresults.Shouldbetargeted.Differentpartymember'sideologicaltrendsandbehaviors,differentialtreatmentineducation,precisionapplicationpolicy,"keystartslocks",downtolearnanddothemeasureseachpartymember,enablingthemtoaccesstoeducation,improve,makepeoplefeelMembersofthenewchanges.oreflectthedifference.Nouniform,thousandsofpeople,andgiveexpressiondifferences,characteristics.Indeterminingthelearningwhenthetopicwasdiscussed,accordingtodifferentcharacteristicsandexistingproblemsofpartymembers,bothcloselylinkedtothetheme,andreality,letpartymemberslearn,ontheup.DoqualifiedCommunistofstandardalsocannotuniform,Countyabovemembersleadersstandardtomorehighmorestrict,toinsistedloyaltycleanplay,doJiaoYulutypeofgoodcadres;onCountyfollowingthefieldtheindustryofmembersto难。因此,在设计每一个建筑物之前,必须进行场地与地基的岩土工程勘察,充分了解建筑场地与地基的工程地质条件,论证和评价场地,地基的稳定性和适宜性,不良地质现象,软弱地基处理与加固等。(二)岩土工程的技术决策和实施方案实践证明,岩土工程勘察工作做的好,设计、施工就顺利,工程建筑的安全运营就有保证。相反,忽视建筑场地与地基勘察工作,都会给工程带来不同程度的影响,轻则修改方案,增加投资,延误误工期;重则酿成灾害。1从工程地质观点出发选择地质条件较好的建筑场地和适宜的建筑形式;2在已选定的建筑场地及其周围,根据建筑类型,规模和特点,从分析工程地质条件入手,预测并论证有关工程地质问题发生的可能性关键词:工程地质岩土工程1.在工程建设中的地质教训由于地质问题而严重影响工程建设的实例太多,教训太深刻,顺手拈来几个实例:①云南漫湾水电站左坝肩顺层滑坡和建材问题;②贵州天生桥二级水电站厂址、隧洞等问题;up,andmemberscadresshoevocationalduediligencecombinedup,ensuresuccessfullycompletedearlydetermineofthetargettask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedlevelsleadershipgeneraltask,ensuresuccessfullycompletedpovertystormingannualtargettask,ensuresocialoverallharmonystable.Three,compactingthemainresponsibilitiesandstrengthenthe"two"leadershipofeducationalorganizationsdoagoodjob"two"educationwithoutastrongorganizationandleadership.Partyconstructionofpartyorganizationsatalllevelsshouldfirmlyestablishthemainconsciousness,graspingpartybuildingasthefirstresponsibility,strengthenleadership,demonstrable,scientifictoensuresolideducationeffectively.First,thelayersofresponsibility.Partycommittees(leadingpartygroup)tostudyeducationasamajorpoliticaltask,primaryresponsibilityforeffectiveimplementation,strengthenleadership,carefullyguidingtheSteering,doagoodjoboverall,studyandsolveproblemsinatimelymanner.Progressevaluationbythegrass-rootspartybuildingthisyear,tostudyeducationastheprimaryevaluationorganizations,poororganization,theproblemsaremany,tocriticize,toaccountability.Mainisresponsibleforcomradetoconsciouslybearupfirstresponsibilitypeopleduties,notonlytotubegoodcadres,andwithgoodteam,alsototubegoodmembers,andwithgoodteam,bothfirstexamples,leadparticipateinlearningeducation,andbyQiancommand,inputenoughoftimeandenergy,strengthenedGuideandchecksrole,onworkprogrammepersonallyvalidation,onimportanttaskpersonallydeployment,onexistsproblemtimelysolution,throughoutputresponsibilitycarryinshoulderShang,improper"shuaishouzhanggui".TheCountypartyCommitteeandmunicipalpartyCommitteemunicipalworkers,Variousenterprisesandinstitutions,Commission,partycommitteesanddepartmentsinchargeofindustrypractice,developspecificimplementationplan,organizingspecialforcesresponsibleforeducationalworktostrengthenthisunittothesystemstudyandeduca…
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